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A library and a framework are two different concepts in programming, although they may have some common features. Here are the main differences between them:

Control flow control:

Library: Provides functions and methods that the developer can call at his discretion. Control flow remains with the developer who uses the library.

Framework: Has stricter control flow control. The developer implements his logic inside the framework, which then calls that logic when certain events or conditions are met.

Inversion of control:

Library: Inversion of control lies in the hands of the developer, who decides when and how to use the library.

Framework: Inversion of control often occurs when a developer implements code that is called by the framework. The framework takes care of calling developer code at certain points.

Size and scope of functionality:

Library: Typically provides a set of functions or tools to solve specific problems. The developer chooses which features to use.

Framework: Includes a more extensive set of tools and structures designed to solve a wider range of problems.


Libraries: NumPy, Requests, TensorFlow (in terms of API).

Frameworks: Django (for web development), Flask, Angular (for front-end).

Flexibility and control:

Library: Provides more flexibility and control to the developer, but requires more responsibility from the developer for the application architecture.

Framework: Provides a more restrictive structure, which can be useful for projects with certain standards, but may limit developer freedom.

In general, the use of a library or framework depends on the specific needs of the project and development style. Libraries provide the tools, and frameworks provide the structure.

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